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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 58-62
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2009.58.62
Optimum Rice Density and Herbicide Application in Direct Seeding in Ahwaz Region, Iran
S.H. Mussavi, Kh. Alamisaeid, Gh. Fathi, M.H. Gharineh, M.R. Moradi-Telavat and A. Siahpoosh

Abstract:
In order to investigate of rice and barnyard-grass in different levels of herbicide and crop density, an experiment was conducted in split plot design with four replicate, in research farm of Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University in 2006. Four herbicide doses (0, 3, 5 and 7 L ha-1) was arranged in main plots and three seeding rates (100, 120 and 140 kg seed ha-1) in subplots. Interaction of herbicide and crop density on dry matter and yield of rice and barnyard-grass was significant. Therefore, response of variance trends of these traits to herbicide in different densities was different. While no herbicide was be used, rice yield in density 120 was higher than other densities, that showed that optimum crop density could increased crop competition ability and decreased herbicide use. In other hand, it be observed that highest and lowest yield of crop and weed, respectively, was be related to 5 L herbicide ha-1. In this case, there was little difference between different densities. With more herbicide use, probably due to toxicity effect, crop yield decreased. However, in this herbicide dose, density 120 showed lesser changes in crop yield. In density 120, crop and weed yield relationship have lesser slope in comparison with other densities. Ultimately, it seems that optimum crop density can lessen crop sensitivity to other environmental and agronomic factors including weed competition and herbicide use.
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How to cite this article:

S.H. Mussavi, Kh. Alamisaeid, Gh. Fathi, M.H. Gharineh, M.R. Moradi-Telavat and A. Siahpoosh, 2009. Optimum Rice Density and Herbicide Application in Direct Seeding in Ahwaz Region, Iran. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 1: 58-62.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2009.58.62

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajcs.2009.58.62

 
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