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Asian Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 373-379
DOI: 10.17311/ajbs.2019.373.379
 
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Disordered Eating Attitude and Body Dissatisfaction among Adolescents of Arab Countries: A Review

Waseem Fatima , Rizwan Fatima and Nida Suhail Anwar

Abstract:
Today’s adolescent are more concern about their body weight and shape which sometimes give rise to body dissatisfaction, disturbed eating attitude and eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa bulimia nervosa, bling eating etc. Earlier, these disorders had been conceptualized as culture-bound syndromes of the western countries only but several studies had been verified that eating disorders are emerging in Arab world as well. Thus, this present review was planned to highlight the prevalence of disordered eating attitude among adolescent population in different Arab countries. PubMed and Google Scholar were searched for publications on eating disorder among Arab adolescents and only 22 studies which used eating attitude test 26 (EAT-26) for prevalence or incidence of disordered eating attitude were identified from 9 Arab countries and selected for this review. The overall estimated prevalence of disordered eating attitude was 26.94% (n = 10430) in adolescence, which indicates a higher prevalence of abnormal eating attitude among Arabs compared to adolescents population from the USA and sub-saharan African. Prevalence was varied from 11.5% (Egypt) to 49.1% (UAE) in female and 6% (Saudi Arabia) to 36.4% in Oman in male adolescents of Arab countries. Highest prevalence was reported in UAE and Saudi adolescents. Although factors such as family history, sedentary lifestyle, urbanization, increased income and westernization had been found linked with increased prevalence of disordered eating attitude in these Arab countries. Consequences of eating disorders can be severe, thus early detection and its prevention is very necessary which need collaborative efforts of governmental and community-led agencies to establish long-term programs for health education targeting young children and their families.
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How to cite this article:

Waseem Fatima, Rizwan Fatima and Nida Suhail Anwar, 2019. Disordered Eating Attitude and Body Dissatisfaction among Adolescents of Arab Countries: A Review. Asian Journal of Biological Sciences, 12: 373-379.

DOI: 10.17311/ajbs.2019.373.379

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajbs.2019.373.379

COMMENTS
06 September, 2021
FIONA YASSIN:
in producing this article, the authors have further opened the door for further discussion on the prevalence and increase in Eating Disorders in the Middle East. The Arab World has often been associated with low rates of Disordered Eating and furthermore in those reaching the clinically relevant threshold for diagnosis.
There is a great need for culturally sensitive assessment and investigation for ED symptoms across all age groups in the region. A slightly different presentation of symptomology often results in tests and subsequent treatment that negates the primary issue of an undiagnosed ED.
Thank you for highlighting this very important area for research and development of service provision.
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