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Asian Journal of Biochemistry
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 9-14
DOI: 10.3923/ajb.2018.9.14
Proximate, Mineral and Phytochemical Composition of Cocos nucifera Nut
Chinedu Imo , Chukwuma Stephen Ezeonu, Nkeiruka Glory Imo and Chigozie Joshua Anigbo

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Cocos nucifera nut is widely consumed in different forms by indigenes of many countries. It is used in preparation of some drinks and oil. Cocos nucifera nut is believed to have many potential nutritional, medicinal and pharmaceutical uses. This study evaluated the proximate, mineral and phytochemical composition of Cocos nucifera nut. Materials and Methods: The Cocos nucifera nut was bought in Wukari, Nigeria. It was sun-dried and pulverized. The proximate, mineral and phytochemical composition were analyzed using AOAC method, AAS and GC-MS, respectively. Results: The results showed the abundance (%) of the proximate parameters evaluated to be in dry matter>Carbohydrates>crude fiber>lipids>protein>moisture> ash order. The results of mineral analysis showed the amount of potassium, magnesium and sodium to be higher than other minerals evaluated in Cocos nucifera nut. The abundance (ppm) of the minerals evaluated were recorded in potassium>magnesium>sodium>calcium>iron>phosphorus>zinc>chromium >manganese>copper order. There were wide range of phytochemicals detected in ethanolic extract of coconut which possess important industrial, medicinal, physiological and antibiotic properties. Conclusion: The results established that coconut is a good source of energy and could play immunological, physiological, nutritional and pharmacological roles.
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How to cite this article:

Chinedu Imo, Chukwuma Stephen Ezeonu, Nkeiruka Glory Imo and Chigozie Joshua Anigbo, 2018. Proximate, Mineral and Phytochemical Composition of Cocos nucifera Nut. Asian Journal of Biochemistry, 13: 9-14.

DOI: 10.3923/ajb.2018.9.14

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajb.2018.9.14

 
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