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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 13-19
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2020.13.19
 
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Public Health Risk Due to Some Fecal-borne Pathogens in Zoo Animals and Zookeepers
Gihan K. Abdel-Latef and Asmaa A. Kamel

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Bacterial infections constitute a public health hazards worldwide especially, with the emerging of drug-resistant pathogens. In our study we try to spot light on the role of zoo animals as a source of environmental contamination with drug-resistant pathogens of public health significance. Materials and Methods: About 75 fecal samples were collected from 11 zoo animal species including non-human primates, herbivorous, carnivorous. Moreover 10 zookeeper's stool samples were examined. Samples subjected to bacteriologic, serologic examination; as well antibiogram test was done for identified samples. Results: Bacterial isolation reveals 68 isolates from zoo animals represented as Escherichia coli 58 (85.29%), Pseudomonas species. 4 (5.88%) and Shigella species, 6 (8.82%). All workers' samples reveal Escherichia coli and only one worker sample reveal Shigella species. Failure of isolation of E. coli O157 and Salmonella from both types of samples. Serological identification of Escherichia coli species from zoo animals reveals Escherichia coli O145 in a percent of 17.24%. While that of zookeeper's shows that 10% was Escherichia coli O44, 10% Escherichia coli O164 and 80% were untypable poly (1-3). Antibiotic profile revealed resistance to number of antibiotics, with variant degree of resistance. Escherichia coli revealed resistance to most antibiotic used with most detected resistance to amoxicillin/clavulanic, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol and ceftriaxone moreover, Shigella species reveal resistance to ceftriaxone, ampicillin, chloramphenicol and amoxicillin/clavulanic. While pseudomonas species revealed 100% resistance to amoxicillin/clavulanic, chloramphenicol, ceftriaxone, tetracycline, ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Conclusion: The results indicated that zoo animals in our country act as a potential source of antimicrobial-resistant zoonotic pathogens.
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How to cite this article:

Gihan K. Abdel-Latef and Asmaa A. Kamel, 2020. Public Health Risk Due to Some Fecal-borne Pathogens in Zoo Animals and Zookeepers. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 15: 13-19.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2020.13.19

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2020.13.19

 
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