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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 31-37
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2017.31.37
 
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Effect of Varying Levels of Protein and Energy in Pre-stater Feeds on Pectoralis Muscle Development of Kampung Super Chicks (Gallus gallus gallus)
U.E. Puspita, R.T. Utomo, A.B.I. Perdamaian, I. Lesmana, H. Arijuddin, Y. Erwanto, B.S. Daryono and H.T.S.G. Saragih

Abstract:
Objectives: This study was performed to examine effect of varying level of protein and energy in pre-starter feed for 7 days old chicks on pectoralis muscle development of kampung super chicks. Materials and Methods: Fourthy kampung super day old chicks were fed pre-starter diet during the experimental period and were divided into four groups. The control group chicks were not fed for the first 3 days post-hatch and continued with a standard pre-starter diet to 7 days old. The second group was chicks with pre-starter type A diet with 20.19% of protein and 3300 kcal kg–1 of Metabolism Energy (ME) for the first day post-hatch to 7 days old. The 3rd group was treated with pre-starter diet type B for the first day post-hatch to 7 days old with protein level 21.84% and 3100 kcal kg–1 of ME and the last group was given pre-starter diet type C with with protein level 21.13% and 2800 kcal kg–1 of ME for the first day post-hatch to 7 days post-hatch. The parameters measured were body weight, pectoralis thoracicus weight, muscle area, cross-sectional area of myofibers and the number of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA)-positive nuclei. The data were analyzed using one way ANOVA, followed by Tukey tests. Results: The results showed that groups 4 had lower body weight, pectoralis thoracicus weight, muscle area, cross-sectional of myofibers area and number of PCNA-positive nuclei compared to group 2 and 3 (p<0.05) which proved that early post-hatch feed in kampung super chicks was important to body weight and pectoralis muscle development. Conclusion: It was concluded from the study that diet with 21.84% of protein and 3100 kcal kg–1 of ME in 7 days old chicks promised optimum performance and pectoralis muscle development for kampung super chicks.
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How to cite this article:

U.E. Puspita, R.T. Utomo, A.B.I. Perdamaian, I. Lesmana, H. Arijuddin, Y. Erwanto, B.S. Daryono and H.T.S.G. Saragih, 2017. Effect of Varying Levels of Protein and Energy in Pre-stater Feeds on Pectoralis Muscle Development of Kampung Super Chicks (Gallus gallus gallus). Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 12: 31-37.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2017.31.37

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2017.31.37

 
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