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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 268-273
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2017.268.273
 
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Endoscopic Diagnosis of Some Oro-dental Disorders in Donkeys (Equus asinus)

Naglaa Awad Abd El kader, Marwa Hamdi Hassan and Ashraf Mohamed Abu-Seida

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Oro-dental disorders are serious conditions in donkeys and their early diagnosis is essential for prevention of further progression and successful treatment. This study was aimed to investigate the usefulness of the flexible oral endoscopy as a diagnostic modality for some oro-dental disorders in donkeys. Methodology: During 2016, 25 donkeys with various oro-dental clinical signs were subjected to a routine oral examination at the surgery clinic. These donkeys aged 1-8 years and included 20 males and 5 females. Under general anesthesia, full visual, manual and endoscopic examinations of the gingiva, teeth, hard palate, soft palate and tongue were carried out. The visual and manual examinations were carried out with the aid of a strong headlight, long handled equine dental mirror and mouth gag. Oral endoscopic examination was performed for detection of any abnormal lesion by using video endoscope, protected with a rigid metal sheath and recorded onto an analogue videotape. Results: All donkeys had either single (N = 3) or mixed (N = 22) oro-dental disorders. The recorded oro-dental disorders included; periodontal disease (88%), dental tartar (80%), diastema (68%), dental carious (40%), sharp teeth (36%), wounds of hard and soft palates (16%), oral candidiasis (16%), gingival wounds (12%) and impacted deciduous tooth (4%). All endoscopic findings of these disorders were recorded. Conclusion: The oro-dental disorders are common in donkeys and this study discovers the beneficial role of endoscopy in diagnosis of these disorders.
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How to cite this article:

Naglaa Awad Abd El kader, Marwa Hamdi Hassan and Ashraf Mohamed Abu-Seida, 2017. Endoscopic Diagnosis of Some Oro-dental Disorders in Donkeys (Equus asinus). Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 12: 268-273.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2017.268.273

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2017.268.273

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