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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 169-176
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2017.169.176
 
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Effects of Humate and Probiotic on the Number of Escherichia coli, Blood and Antioxidant Parameters in Suckling Period of Calves
M.A. Tunc and M.A. Yoruk

Abstract:
Objectives: This experiment investigated the effect that use of humate and probiotics as feed additives in the feeding of the calves in the milk-sucking period until the end of period cut from the milk has on the Escherichia coli count, blood and antioxidant parameters. Materials and Methods: In the experiment, 24-day-old Brown Swiss calves were used as part of the experiment, they were put in 3 different groups 8 calves each with the average weight of 42.5 kg (±2.5 kg). During the study, control group were fed dry clover grass +full-fat milk+calf starting feed (Basal diet), humate group were fed basal diet +0.15% of humate and probiotic group was fed basal diet +0.15% of probiotic. The study continued for 12 weeks. Results: In the 6th, 9th and 12th weeks of the study, as humate additive were decreased the number of E. coli (p<0.01), probiotic additive caused no change. It was seen that, in the 6, 9 and 12 weeks of the study, blood serum in total protein, albumin, triglycerides, HDL, AST, ALT, Ca, Fe, NO and SOD levels were not affected from humate and probiotic additives. Humate additives increased Mg and Cu MDA (p<0.01) levels, whereas the additives decreased glucose, phosphorus, GPx (p>0.05) and total cholesterol, zinc and LDL levels (p<0.01). Conclusion: In this study, humate additives had positive effect on the animals’ health while it also led to oxidative stress.
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How to cite this article:

M.A. Tunc and M.A. Yoruk, 2017. Effects of Humate and Probiotic on the Number of Escherichia coli, Blood and Antioxidant Parameters in Suckling Period of Calves. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 12: 169-176.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2017.169.176

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2017.169.176

 
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