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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 11 | Page No.: 675-683
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2016.675.683
 
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Laboratory, Radiographic and Ultrasonographic Findings of Acute Traumatic Reticuloperitonitis in Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)

Arafat Khalphallah, Ashraf M. Abu-Seida , Mohammed Abdelhakiem, Enas Elmeligy and Usama T. Mahmoud

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Traumatic reticuloperitonitis (TRP) is one of the most important diseases in buffaloes. The study objective is to describe the clinical, laboratory, radiographic and ultrasonographic findings in buffaloes suffering from acute (TRP). Methodology: This study was carried out on 20 apparently normal buffaloes (control group) and 20 buffaloes with acute TRP (diseased group). Full case history was obtained and all animals were subjected to thorough clinical examination, pain tests and electronic metal detector, complete blood pictures, blood serum biochemical analysis, radiographic and ultrasonographic examinations. Rumenotomy was performed in 13 affected buffaloes. Results: Diseased buffaloes showed sudden onset of anorexia, sharp drop in milk yield, fever, ruminal atony, constipation, increased respiratory and heart rates. Moreover, the animals were reluctant to lie down or move. Out of 20 diseased buffaloes, 17 had positive pain tests and 14 had positive metal detection. All diseased buffaloes shared marked leucocytosis associated with neutrophilia and shift to the left. A significant increase in the serum level of AST (p>0.05) was the only abnormal serum biochemical analysis. Radiographic examination revealed metallic foreign objects in the reticulum of seven buffaloes, normal sized and shaped heart with clear margins. The main ultrasonographic findings of diseased buffaloes included changes in the shape, contour and contraction of the reticulum. Buffaloes with acute TRP had a reticulum either with its even contour and its half-moon shaped structure (n = 14) or slight loss of its shape with slight loss of its contour (n = 6). The diseased buffaloes had biphasic reduced reticular contractions (1.9±0.6/5 min). The reticulum was displaced from the diaphragm with a distance of 0.7-3.4 cm in 17 buffaloes. However, reticular abscess was not imaged, peritoneal effusions were imaged in 16 buffaloes. Conclusion: Buffaloes with acute TRP show characteristic and complementary clinical, laboratory, radiographic and ultrasonographic findings which are helpful for diagnosis and follow up this disease.
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How to cite this article:

Arafat Khalphallah, Ashraf M. Abu-Seida, Mohammed Abdelhakiem, Enas Elmeligy and Usama T. Mahmoud, 2016. Laboratory, Radiographic and Ultrasonographic Findings of Acute Traumatic Reticuloperitonitis in Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 11: 675-683.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2016.675.683

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2016.675.683

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