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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 371-376
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2016.371.376
 
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Mortality and Culling Pattern of Tharparkar Cattle Males in an Organised Herd

Achun Panmei, Ashok Kumar Gupta, Pushp Raj Shivahre and Mukesh Bhakat

Abstract:
Background: A study was planned to analyze mortality and culling pattern across different periods and seasons of birth on 154 Tharparkar cattle males in National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) herd. Materials and Methods: Records of 154 Tharparkar males born during the period 1997-2012, Livestock Research Centre (LRC), ICAR-NDRI, Karnal, were analyzed to study the mortality and culling pattern in different age groups. The percent of animal disposed from the herd due to different reasons was calculated by proportion using descriptive statistics. Results: The overall disposal rate due to mortality and culling in different age groups of 0-1, 1-2, 2-3, 3-6, 6-18 months, 18 months to 3 years and 3-5 years were 16.9, 13.2, 9.8, 34.7, 40.9, 23.1 and 40.0%, respectively. The main reason of mortality in different age groups was general debility (9.09%) followed by respiratory problems (3.90%) and enteritis/ gastroenteritis (2.60%), whereas main reason of culling in TP males were surplus (40.00%), poor growth (2.86%) and poor libido (2.86%). Season of birth was found to have significant effect on overall disposal rate in 1-2, 2-3, 3-6, 6-18 months and 18 months to 3 years age groups. Conclusion: At initial age of life, better managemental care is imperative to reduce the mortality and shifting of calving season to suitable season through managerial decision would reduce the disposal rate. Maximum disposal as surplus may be due to culling of more number of Tharparkar males after attainment of targeted or required frozen semen doses which reflect the efficient management of the farm.
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How to cite this article:

Achun Panmei, Ashok Kumar Gupta, Pushp Raj Shivahre and Mukesh Bhakat, 2016. Mortality and Culling Pattern of Tharparkar Cattle Males in an Organised Herd. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 11: 371-376.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2016.371.376

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2016.371.376

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