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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 341-349
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2016.341.349
 
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Role of Pet Dogs in Transmitting Zoonotic Intestinal Parasites in Egypt

M.A. Ibrahim, K.A. Gihan, S.M. Aboelhadid and M.M. Abdel-Rahim

Abstract:
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of zoonotic intestinal parasites in pet dogs and their owners in Cairo and Giza Governorates, Egypt. Methodology: A total of 395 fecal samples collected from pet dogs beside 145 stool samples from humans were subjected to macroscopic and microscopic examination using different flotation and sedimentation techniques. Results: The overall prevalence of enteric parasites in the examined dogs was 25.6%. Higher prevalence was shown in police dogs (43.3%) followed by pet shop dogs (30.8%) and finally in household dogs (13.8%). Cryptosporidium was the most frequent parasite detected in the examined dogs (10.1%) and humans (10.3%), whereas Giardia was the lowest one (0.5 and 2.8% respectively). In addition, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar were found at a rate of 5.6% (dogs) and 7.6% (humans). Trichuris vulpis, Toxascaris leonina and Toxocara canis were identified only from the examined dogs at a rate of 3.3, 5.8 and 0.3% respectively. Young age (<6 months), female sex, local breed, undercooked feeding, outdoor housing and irregular de-worming were significantly associated with increased prevalence of the identified parasites in dogs. Regarding humans, the highest prevalence of enteric parasites was found in the age group between 5-10 years old (60%). Gender did not affect the risk of an infection in the study population. Conclusion: In conclusion, parasitological results in this study clearly highlight the significant role of pet dogs as a host for several species of enteric parasites; therefore preventive measures should be taken to avoid the environmental contamination and infection of both man and animals.
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How to cite this article:

M.A. Ibrahim, K.A. Gihan, S.M. Aboelhadid and M.M. Abdel-Rahim, 2016. Role of Pet Dogs in Transmitting Zoonotic Intestinal Parasites in Egypt. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 11: 341-349.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2016.341.349

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2016.341.349

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