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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 821-826
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2013.821.826
 
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Evaluation of Tomato and Cucumber Wastes as Alternative Feeds for Ruminants Using Gas Production Technique in vitro

A.M. El-Waziry, F. AlKoaik, A.I. Khalil, H. Metwally and M.A. Al-Mahasneh

Abstract:
This study was conducted to evaluate of tomato wastes (fresh or silage), cucumber wastes (fresh or silage) as alternative feeds for ruminants using in vitro gas production technique. Rumen liquor was obtained from four Naimey sheep fed on barely and alfalfa hay (slaughter house). The mixtures of rumen fluid with buffer 1: 2 v/v, 30 mL were placed into each syringe, containing the samples. The incubation procedure was repeated three times. The gas production was recorded after 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h of incubation. Potential degradability (a+b) and gas production rate (c) were measured. Metabolizable Energy (ME), Net Energy (NE), Organic Matter Digestibility (OMD) and Microbial Protein (MP) were also estimated. Tomato silage had the highest crude protein followed by tomato fresh, cucumber fresh and cucumber silage. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) among forms of wastes in potential degradability (a+b) except cucumber silage had the lowest a+b. The OMD was highest in tomato fresh and lowest in cucumber silage. There were no significant differences between tomato fresh, tomato silage and cucumber fresh but the lowest value of ME recorded with cucumber silage. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) among four forms in NE except in cucumber silage. The present study suggest that tomato waste could be used in the fresh form as alternative feeds for ruminants followed by tomato silage, cucumber fresh and cucumber silage.
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How to cite this article:

A.M. El-Waziry, F. AlKoaik, A.I. Khalil, H. Metwally and M.A. Al-Mahasneh, 2013. Evaluation of Tomato and Cucumber Wastes as Alternative Feeds for Ruminants Using Gas Production Technique in vitro. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8: 821-826.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2013.821.826

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2013.821.826

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