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Asian Journal of Animal Sciences
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 36-41
DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2018.36.41
 
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Growth Performance of Clarias gariepinus Fed Crude Extracts of Allium cepa, Moringa oliefera and Vernonia amygdalina

I.O. Obaroh , J.N. Keta and J. Nwaogu

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The need for food security has led to the prohibition of antibiotics used as growth promoter, to replace their effects, phytoadditives obtained from plant could be an alternative. Thus, this study was carried out in order to assess the growth performance of Allium cepa, Moringa oliefera and Vernonia amygdalina extracts on Clarias gariepinus. Materials and Methods: Leaves were shade-dried, ground and sieved, while the fresh A. cepa bulbs were ground. About 100 g of each plant material was soaked in 500 mL ethanol for 24 h with constant shaking at intervals, afterward it was filtered. A total of 300 Clarias gariepinus fingerlings of mean weight ranging between 3.73±0.35-4.63±0.32 g were obtained from a hatchery. Fingerlings were divided into 10 groups representing the treatments (Control, A1, A2, A3, M1, M2, M3, V1, V2 and V3). Each group consist of 30 fishes. Fingerlings were stocked in outdoor concrete tanks (measuring 2×2×1.5 m). Water parameters were monitored twice in a week. Results: The highest final mean weight and mean weight gained were observed in group of fish fed with 0.5 g kg1 of M. oliefera extract (M1) with values of 44.22±3.89 and 39.72±3.30 g, respectively, while the least for both parameters were observed in group of fish fed with 1.5 g kg1 of A. cepa (A3) with values of 29.44±4.26 and 25.48±1.93 g, respectively. At higher concentrations the 3 plant extracts exerted low growth response on C. gariepinus, while at low concentrations A. cepa and M. oliefera extracts exerted positive growth response on C. gariepinus. Statistical analysis showed significant difference when the highest mean weight gained was compared with the control and other groups. Conclusion: This study infers that, at low concentration Allium cepa, Moringa oliefera and Vernonia amygdalina has growth promoting effects, furthermore Moringa oliefera leaf and Allium cepa bulb had superior performance over the control diet. The use of phytoadditives to replace antibiotics has just begun, it is hoped that, further research on their long duration use in fish culture will further establish their potency.
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How to cite this article:

I.O. Obaroh, J.N. Keta and J. Nwaogu, 2018. Growth Performance of Clarias gariepinus Fed Crude Extracts of Allium cepa, Moringa oliefera and Vernonia amygdalina. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences, 12: 36-41.

DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2018.36.41

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajas.2018.36.41

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