Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 153-157
DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2017.153.157
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Management of Pneumoperitoneum, Pneumothorax and Subcutaneous Emphysema in a Cat

Elham A. Hassan, Faisal A. Torad and Ashraf M. Abu-Seida

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The occurrence of pneumoperitoneum, pneumothorax and generalized subcutaneous emphysema is infrequent in cats. This case report records a rare case of treated pneumoperitoneum, pneumothorax and generalized subcutaneous emphysema in a cat. Materials and Methods: A 3 years old intact female Persian cat was admitted with signs of respiratory distress and abdominal distension 4 days following falling from height. Clinical and radiographic examinations were carried out. For treatment of the cat, the air within the thorax, abdomen and subcutaneous tissue was evacuated and cat was kept under close observation and conservative oxygen and fluid therapies. Results: Clinically, the cat had respiratory distress, subcutaneous crepitating sound and abdominal distension. Radiographic examination revealed the presence of radiolucent gas opacity separating the skin from the underlying tissue over the head, neck and thorax. The lung was hyper-inflated with scalloped costophrenic angles, the heart was separated from the sternum by a large radiolucent area and the trachea was narrow and dorsally displaced. The caudal lung lobes were more radio-opaque compared to cranial ones. The radiolucent gas was seen occupying the abdomen. After treatment, the cat was greatly improved and returned to normal activity one week post-treatment. Conclusion: Pneumoperitonium, pneumothorax and generalized subcutaneous emphysema have characteristic clinical and radiographic findings. Although, the condition is self-limiting, unless other complications develop, evacuation of the escaped air within the thoracic and abdominal cavities may accelerate the recovery time.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

Elham A. Hassan, Faisal A. Torad and Ashraf M. Abu-Seida, 2017. Management of Pneumoperitoneum, Pneumothorax and Subcutaneous Emphysema in a Cat. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences, 11: 153-157.

DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2017.153.157

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajas.2017.153.157

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom