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Asian Journal of Animal Sciences
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-13
DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2017.1.13
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Behavioral Responses to Livestock Adaptation to Heat Stress Challenges

Athira P. Ratnakaran, V. Sejian , V. Sanjo Jose, Shalini Vaswani, M. Bagath , G. Krishnan, V. Beena, P. Indira Devi, Girish Varma and R. Bhatta

Climate change leads to several environmental stresses that affects livestock production. In order to re-store the productive potential the animals need to adapt to the existing climatic conditions. An animal may respond to a particular stress either through behavioral, physiological or by a combination of both and reactions of an animal to a particular stress can vary based on the animal’s earlier experience with the stressors, the duration and its intensity, the physiological status and environmental restraints. The aim of this study is therefore to understand the significance of behavioral responses in livestock adaptation. In the livestock sector, stress is considered as a reflex reaction that happens when animals are undergone through severe climatic and environmental changes and this can lead to several unfavorable consequences which can lead to even death of an animal. The discomfort which has been faced by the animals due to such stress conditions are resolved by them by generating various adaptation techniques. These adaptation techniques generated can compromise the productivity and performance of an animal. Farm animals try to cope up with different stresses by using behavioral stress responses. A better understanding of the behavior of livestock could enable improved handling and animal welfare. Assessing the behavioural response should help the farmers to take immediate step to identify and minimize the stressful conditions faced by their animals and should keep their animals in a comfort zone by employing better management strategies.
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How to cite this article:

Athira P. Ratnakaran, V. Sejian, V. Sanjo Jose, Shalini Vaswani, M. Bagath, G. Krishnan, V. Beena, P. Indira Devi, Girish Varma and R. Bhatta, 2017. Behavioral Responses to Livestock Adaptation to Heat Stress Challenges. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences, 11: 1-13.

DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2017.1.13






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