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Asian Journal of Animal Sciences
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 280-289
DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2016.280.289
 
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Field Trial using Combined Treatment of Garlic and Organic Spray Formula for Flie’s Control and Animal Defensive Behavior Alleviation in Cattle Farm

Asmaa N. Mohammed, Naglaa M. Abdel Azeem and Gehan K. Abdel Latef

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Resistance of flies to conventional insecticides used led to renewed interest in organic pesticides as alternative management tools for flie’s control. This study aimed to determine the flie’s activity in cattle environment and evaluate the repellent efficacy of combined treatment of garlic based formula, pour-on and organic spray on the suppression of fly population on animals and in their environment respectively. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on cattle farm during the period from February-May, 2015. The daily average of microclimatic factors was measured. Monitoring of flie’s count pre and post-treatment was done using (visual observation and photographic tool) for animals and (sticky cards) in their environment. The effectiveness of tested formulae was determined by calculating the percentage reduction in flie’s attack rate and animal’s defensive behavior. Results: The highest population of flie’s activity on both dairy cows and their environment was recorded in April and May months (260.0±5.28, 253.0±4.30, 457.0±7.14 and 485.0±7.32) respectively. Calves barn, stall corner and animal stall appeared as predilection sites for flie’s activity (503.33±7.4, 473.0±5.3 and 383.66±4.81, respectively). The percentage reduction in average flie’s count was significantly different at p<0.05 on both calves, beef cattle and their environment (31.1, 42.6, 43.2 and 47.9%, respectively). Animal’s defensive behavior decreased post-treatment especially for tail flicks (26.3, 23.5, 11.1 and 11.6%, respectively) and skin twitching (81.6, 72.5, 90.8 and 65.1%). Conclusion: A combined treatment of garlic based formula pour-on animals with organic spray on their environment was effective at time interval once/week in knocking down flie’s population and consequently reduced its impact on the animal health and alleviated animal’s defensive behavior.
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How to cite this article:

Asmaa N. Mohammed, Naglaa M. Abdel Azeem and Gehan K. Abdel Latef, 2016. Field Trial using Combined Treatment of Garlic and Organic Spray Formula for Flie’s Control and Animal Defensive Behavior Alleviation in Cattle Farm. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences, 10: 280-289.

DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2016.280.289

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajas.2016.280.289

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