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Asian Journal of Animal Sciences
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 273-279
DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2016.273.279
 
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Technology Innovation in Cocoa-goats Integration System for Increasing of Productivity and Farmers Income in Kulon Progo Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region Province, Indonesia

Gunawan and I.G.S. Budisatria

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The problems on the cacao farmers in Kulon Progo regency is generally low-income, they have not been able to properly manage the cocoa fields so that the productivity is low. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of technology innovation on the improvement of cocoa and goat productivity and the increase of farmer’s income in the cocoa-goat integrated system. Methodology: The materials of the study were 30 farmers in Kulon Progo regency, their goats and cocoa plantation. The method of the study was field observation. The farmers were divided into three models (A, B and C). Each model consisted of 10 farmers. Model A was a farmer model who represented cocoa-goat integration with technology innovation, model B who represented cocoa-goat integration without technological innovation and model C who represented without both integration and technological innovation. The technological innovation on model A consisted of cocoa cultivation, cacao pest and disease control, goats breeding and manure processing to be an organic fertilizer. Variables observed for 8 months (March-October, 2013) in model A and B were the production of cacao and goats, while in model C was cacao production only. Cocoa production was analyzed using one way analysis of variance and continued by Tukey’s test for significant differences while, goat’s productivity between the models A and B was analyzed using independent-test. Results: The results indicated that cacao productivity in model A (560 kg ha–1 year–1) is 39% higher than model B (402 kg ha–1 year–1) and 52% higher than model C (368 kg ha–1 year–1). Goat productivity was not different among the three models. The interesting result was found on farm incomes, model A (IDR 2,620,000.00) higher than model B (IDR 983,000.00) and C (IDR 580,000.00). Conclusion: The study concluded that technological innovation and integration of goats in cocoa farming is appropriate to overcome the low productivity and farmer’s income. New aspect and implication of the study is the increase of cocoa production can be done by the use of liquid organic fertilizer as much as 1 L per rod, solid organic fertilizer as much as 10 kg per rod and dolomite of 100 g per rod.
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How to cite this article:

Gunawan and I.G.S. Budisatria, 2016. Technology Innovation in Cocoa-goats Integration System for Increasing of Productivity and Farmers Income in Kulon Progo Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region Province, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences, 10: 273-279.

DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2016.273.279

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajas.2016.273.279

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