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Asian Journal of Animal Sciences
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 39-46
DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2009.39.46
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Quality Evaluation of Meat, Skin and Wool from Garole Sheep-a Promising Breed from India

R. Banerjee, P.K. Mandal, S. Bose, M. Banerjee and B. Manna

The aim of this study was to evaluate meat quality of Indian Garole sheep for human consumption and to provide better understanding about its skin and wool quality to stimulate its utilization and marketing. Meat production in India is much lower than the actual demand might be due to improper exploitation of animal resources particularly sheep and goat. West Bengal in India is having a unique sheep breed named as Garole with outstanding genetic potentialities. Total 60 meat, 60 skin and 200 wool samples from 12 different sources were used in this study. The meat quality parameters viz. pH, water holding capacity, refrigeration loss, muscle fiber-diameter, proximate analysis viz. moisture, protein, fat, ash and carbohydrate contents, mineral analysis for common macro and micro minerals viz. sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, cupper, zinc, manganese and chloride contents were studied in this research. The study revealed that dressing percentage (55.87%) was higher than other sheep breeds and pH (5.96) water holding capacity (43.33%) and refrigeration loss (0.86%) was comparatively better than known sheep standard. The average value of moisture, protein, fat, ash and carbohydrate contents (76.02, 18.20, 3.53, 1.65 and 0.60%, respectively) is comparable to average sheep standards with lower fat content. The macro and micro minerals contents are optimum or higher than average sheep standards indicating its higher nutritive value. The skin quality parameters viz skin length (61.43 cm), skin width (53.37 cm), skin weight (wet-1.188 kg, dry-0.59 kg), total skin area (3403 cm2) and skin weight percentage (12.02%) was good and comparable with other sheep breed. Wool parameters like fiber length (4.95 cm), fiber diameter (54.77 μm), coefficient of variation (57.48%), type of wool (carpet type), medulation (88.13%), crimp (2.21 cm), bundle strength (7.36 g t-1), elongation (29.56%) and weight of wool per shearing (308 g) are almost similar to common sheep breed of India. The high genetic potential and good quality of meat, skin and wool of Garole sheep of West Bengal, India is highly encouraging and shows a great promise for improving rural economy if proper developmental efforts are made.
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How to cite this article:

R. Banerjee, P.K. Mandal, S. Bose, M. Banerjee and B. Manna, 2009. Quality Evaluation of Meat, Skin and Wool from Garole Sheep-a Promising Breed from India. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences, 3: 39-46.

DOI: 10.3923/ajas.2009.39.46






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