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Asian Journal of Agricultural Research
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 114-125
DOI: 10.3923/ajar.2016.114.125
Egg Cholesterol and Immunity of Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Diet Phillanthus buxifolius Leaves as Feed Supplement
Wardah , Jola Rahmahani and Tatang Sopandi

Abstract:
Phyllantus buxifolius is an herbal feed supplement that can increase immunity and reduce cholesterol. A study has been conducted to investigate the effect diet of P. buxifolius leaves powder as feed supplement on mechanism of cholesterol reduction and increase immunity of quail. Seventy five quail at 30 day old randomly divided into 5 groups and each group fed leaves powder of P. buxifolius 0.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0 and 8.0% kg–1 in commercial feed for 75 days, respectively. Powder of P. buxifolius leaves significantly (p<0.05) decreased fat, cholesterol and low density lipoprotein yolk egg quail but significantly increased High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) at measurement 45, 60 and 75 days old. Fed of 4.0 and 6.0% leaves of P. buxifolius powder significantly (p<0.05) increased the expression of interleukin-β and lymphocytes but significantly (p<0.05) decreased nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), leukocytes and monocytes even undetectable levels. Leaf powder of P. buxifolius potential as feed additive for decreasing fat and cholesterol yolk egg and increasing immunity of quail at 4-6% commercial feed. The use of this medicinal plant as a commercial feed supplementation can reduce quail mortality due to viral infection and may increase the interest of the market for the consumption of quail eggs.
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How to cite this article:

Wardah , Jola Rahmahani and Tatang Sopandi, 2016. Egg Cholesterol and Immunity of Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Diet Phillanthus buxifolius Leaves as Feed Supplement. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research, 10: 114-125.

DOI: 10.3923/ajar.2016.114.125

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajar.2016.114.125

 
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