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Asian Journal of Agricultural Research
  Year: 2015 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 173-179
DOI: 10.3923/ajar.2015.173.179
 
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Effect of Soil Solarization and Organic Fertilization on Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) Genotypes and Soil Chemical Properties

A. Saloum and H. Almahasneh

Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted in Abu-Jarash farm at the Faculty of Agriculture, Damascus University during March of the growing season 2013, to evaluate the effect of soil solarization and organic fertilization on the yield of some maize genotypes (Basel 1, Basel 2, Ghouta 1, Ghouta 82 and Local white) and soil chemical properties. The experiment was laid out according to Split-Split Plot Design (SSPD) with three replication for the studied genotypes and treatments. The statistical analysis results of the experiment clearly indicated to the existence of genetic variability in the response of studied maize genotypes to soil solarization and organic fertilization treatments. The genotype Ghouta-82 recorded significantly the highest mean values of grain yield and stover yield (7.99 and 9.83 t ha-1, respectively) and was closely followed by the genotype Basel-2 (7.12 and 9.07 t ha-1, respectively). Soil solarization and organic fertilization treatments recorded the highest mean values of grain yield and stover yield as compared to non solarization and no addition of organic manure treatments. In addition to that soil solarization and organic fertilization treatments recorded the highest mean values of organic matter and total nitrogen content in the soil as compared to non solarization and no addition of organic manure treatments. Therefore, it can be recommended to grow the genotype Ghouta-82 or Basel-2 to get higher yield of maize and we recommend to perform soil solarization for 45 days before sowing and to apply 20 t ha-1 of compost before soil solarization to improve soil fertility and soil organic matter.
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How to cite this article:

A. Saloum and H. Almahasneh, 2015. Effect of Soil Solarization and Organic Fertilization on Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) Genotypes and Soil Chemical Properties. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research, 9: 173-179.

DOI: 10.3923/ajar.2015.173.179

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajar.2015.173.179

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