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Asian Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 92-97
DOI: 10.3923/ajaps.2018.92.97
 
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Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use among Psychiatric Patients in Northwest Nigeria

Abdulgafar Olayiwola Jimoh , Abdulfatai Tomori Bakare, Umar Muhammed Tukur, Usman Balarabe, Lukman Ahmed Jamil and Abubakar Ridwan Zauro

Abstract:
Background and Objective: There has been a reported increase in the use of complementary and alternative medicine among patients generally, a potential risk of non-compliance and interaction which may affect outcome when concomitantly used with orthodox medicine. Mental disorders are highly prevalent in both the developed and the developing world with hundreds of millions of people suffering from psychiatric morbidity. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence and determinants of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) use among psychiatric patients. Materials and Methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out among psychiatric outpatients in two tertiary hospitals in Sokoto state north-western Nigeria (the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH) Sokoto and Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital (FNPH) Kware), between February and May 2014. An interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect the data on socio-demographic, clinical and CAM use variables. Data was extracted and analysis was done using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 18.0. Results: A lifetime CAM use and for psychiatric disorders of 64.8 and 53.8% with only about a third current users and majority of the respondents found to have used herbal drinks and prayers in UDUTH and FNPH, respectively. Although a small proportion of the respondents preferred CAM to orthodox medications in both hospitals, however about one third of the respondents spent only 1,000 Nigerian Naira on CAM in UDUTH and FNPH. Majority of the study population in both hospitals were within the age bracket of 21-40 years. Age, gender, duration of onset of illness and cost were some of the socio-demographic determinants that influence the use of CAM in this study. Conclusion: In this study, prevalence of CAM use was high among psychiatric patients. Age, gender, disease duration and cost are part of the determinants of CAM use.
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How to cite this article:

Abdulgafar Olayiwola Jimoh, Abdulfatai Tomori Bakare, Umar Muhammed Tukur, Usman Balarabe, Lukman Ahmed Jamil and Abubakar Ridwan Zauro, 2018. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use among Psychiatric Patients in Northwest Nigeria. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 11: 92-97.

DOI: 10.3923/ajaps.2018.92.97

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajaps.2018.92.97

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