Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Fulltext PDF

Research Article
Effects of Irrigation Water Arsenic in the Rice-rice Cropping System

M.R. Islam , S. Islam , M. Jahiruddin and M.A. Islam
A pot culture experiment was carried out at Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh to see the effects irrigation water arsenic (As) on Boro rice (February to June) and the residual effect on T. Aman rice (August-November). There were eight treatments consisting of Control, 0.10, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.50 and 2.00 ppm As added through irrigation water. A total of 56 L of irrigation water having different concentrations of As was needed for the Boro rice (Cv. BRRI dhan 29). After harvest of Boro rice, T. Aman rice (Cv. BRRI dhan 33) was grown in the same pots with monsoon rain. Nutrients such as N, P, K and S @ 100, 25, 40 and 25 ppm, respectively were added to sustain normal growth of both Boro and T. Aman rice. The irrigation water added As up to 0.25 ppm enhanced the plant height, panicle length, filled grains/panicle, 1000-grain weight and finally the grain yield of Boro rice and the further doses of depressed the plant growth, yield and yield components. The concentration of As in rice grain or straw of Boro rice increased significantly with increasing As concentrations in the irrigation water, the values for grain As for every As treatment were below the Maximum Permissible Level (1.0 ppm). Application of As added to the first crop (Boro rice) had significant residual effects on the second crop (T. Aman rice) in respect of plant height, panicle length, grains/panicle, grain and straw yields. Arsenic concentrations were always higher in Boro rice grain and straw compared to T. Aman rice. The grain As of Boro rice was almost double the As levels in T. Aman rice grain over the treatments. The As treatments had an adverse effect on the N, P, K and S concentration of rice grain.
E-mail This Article
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

M.R. Islam , S. Islam , M. Jahiruddin and M.A. Islam , 2004. Effects of Irrigation Water Arsenic in the Rice-rice Cropping System. Journal of Biological Sciences, 4: 542-546.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2004.542.546


Abedin, M.J., H.J. Cotter and A.A. Meharg, 2002. Arsenic uptake and accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) irrigated with contaminated water. Plant Soil, 240: 311-319.

BBS (Bangladesh Burea of Statistics), 2001. Year Book of Agricultural SAtatistics of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Burea of Statistics, Bangladesh.

Biswas, B.K., R.K. Dhar, G. Samanta, B.K. Mandal and D. Chakraborti et al., 1998. Detailed study report of samta, one of the arsenic affected village of Jessore site, Bangladesh. Curr. Sci., 74: 134-145.

Chen, SL., S.J. Yeh, M.H. Yang and T.H. Lin, 1995. Trace element concentration and arsenic speciation in the well water of a Taiwan area with endemic Blackfoot disease. Biol. Turk. Elem. Res., 48: 263-274.
CrossRef  |  

Chowdhury, Q.I., 2001. Bangladesh State of Arsenic 2001. Forum of Environmental Journalists of Bangladesh Organization, Dhaka.

Chowdhury, T.R., G.K. Basu, D.K. Mandal, G. Samanta and U.K. Chowdhury et al., 1999. Arsenic poisoning in the ganges delta. Nature, 401: 545-546.

Frans, R.R., D. Horton and I. Burdette, 1988. Influence of MSMA on straight head, arsenic uptake and growth response in rice (Oryza sativa). Arkansas AES. Rep. Ser., 302: 1-12.

Liangfang, W. and H. Jianghong, 1994. Chronic Arsenism from Drinking Water in Some Areas of Xinjiang China. In: Arsenic in the Environment Part II Human Health and Ecosystem Effects, Nriagu, J.O. (Ed.). John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, pp: 159-172.

Liu, G.L. and S.D. Goa, 1987. The effect of arsenic in red soil on crops. J. Soil Sci., 18: 231-233.

Mandal, B.K., T. Roy Chowdury, G. Samanta, G.K. Basu and C.R. Chanda et al., 1997. In reply to chronic arsenic toxicity in West Bengal. Curr. Sci., 72: 114-117.

Milam, M.R., A. Marin, J.E.Jr. Sedberry, D.P. Bligh and R. Sheppard, 1988. Effect of Water Management Arsenic and Zinc on Selected Agronomic Traits and Rice Grain Yield. Northeast Research Station and Macon Ridge Research Station, Baton Rouge, USA., pp: 105-108.

Onken, B.M. and L.R. Hossner, 1995. Plant uptake and determination of arsenic species in soil solution under flooded condition. J. Environ. Qual., 12: 199-208.

Tang, T. and M. Miller, 1991. Growth and tissue composition of rice grown in soil treated with inorganic copper, nickel and arsenic. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 22: 2037-2045.

Tondel, M., M. Rahman, A. Magnuson, I.A. Chowdhury, M.H. Faruquee and S.A. Ahmed, 1999. The relationship of arsenic levels in drinking water and the prevalence rate of skin lesions in Bangladesh. Environ. Health Perspect., 107: 727-729.
Direct Link  |  

Welsch, F.P., J.G. Crock and R. Sanzolone, 1990. Trace-Level Determination of Arsenic and Selenium Using Continuous Flow Hydride Generation Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (HG-AAS). In: Quality Assurance Manual for the Branch of Geochemistry US Geological Survey, Arbogast, B.F. (Ed.). Denver Co., UK., pp: 38-45.

Xie, Z. and C. Huang, 1994. Relationship between lead, zinc and arsenic contents and rice tillering in the soil rice system. J. Zhejiang Agric. Univ., 20: 67-71.

©  2014 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract