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Efforts to get rid of the scientific gap between the developed and industrialized countries and the developing countries are one of the development plans which has occupied the minds and ideas of the politicians and planners of the developing countries. Therefore, expanding the higher education is considered to be one of the top priorities of these countries. Overabundance of information and progress in the field of communication technology demands developing and implementing new solutions and methods for expanding and improving education especially in technical, professional and higher education fields by the scientific policy makers and educational decision makers because at the beginning of the third millennia, an educational system is accepted by the academic and research community which is able to provide access to the information for all continuously. On the one hand, the young make up of the countrys population and on the other hand, the need for employing a continuous and lifelong education, intensifies the need for giving priority to distance education using the new technologies. Since Iran has a large skilled manpower resources and compared to the other countries in the region has made more noticeable advances in the field of communication and information technology, she can not only set forth a considerable amount of effort toward developing higher education within the country but also take the leadership role in distance education within the region. Distance education is a fairly new educational system which different countries depending on their geographical, cultural and social positions have benefited from it at different academic fields and levels. The quality of education and level of learning of the students in distance education versus that of the students in the traditional education system, especially in the practical and practical-theoretical fields such as architecture is one of the most important issues of concern and discussion among the supporters of this new method of education. This study compares the level of learning of the students of architecture within the on-sight and distance educational systems in their major courses. This study is a semi-experimental research. The population which has been studied includes the students of architecture in associate and bachelor level program of the University of Mohaggeg in Ardebil during the academic years of 1386-87 and 1385-86. The collected data is the result of the qualitative-quantitative assessment of these students in their academic courses and comparison of their level of learning with one another.