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Articles by K.M. Alsaad
Total Records ( 4 ) for K.M. Alsaad
  K.M. Alsaad
  The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical, haematological and biochemical changes in natural infected camels (Camelus dromedaries) with blood parasite Anaplasma marginale. A total of (62) camels 5-10 years old from both sexes were investigated (52) camels were naturally infected with Anaplasma marginale (10) clinically normal camels served as control the results indicated that the clinically infected camels showed signs of pale mucus membranes, loss of appetite, emaciation, diarrhea and or constipation, rough hair coat, lacrimation, coughing. Ticks were noticed and detected on several locations at the Camels body. High body temperature, respiratory and heart rates were also recorded in addition to a reduction on ruminal contractions. The statistical analysis appeared significant decrease in the TRBCs, HB and PCV, while a significant increase in MCV and ESR were encountered in infected camels. Macrocytic normochromic type of anemia was registered and the percentage of parasitemia ranged between (5-11%). There were no significant difference encountered in clotting factors indices. The results also indicated a significant increase in WBC as a result of significant increase and decrease in lymphocytes and neutrophiles, respectivley. The biochemical changes revealed significant increase in AST, ALT, total bilirubin, BUN and icteric index, however significant decrease in total protein values were encountered in infected camels.
  K.M. Alsaad
  The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical, haematological and biochemical changes in natural infected camels (Camelus dromedaries) with blood parasite Anaplasma marginale. A total of 62 camels 5-10 years old from both sexes were investigated 52 camels were naturally infected with Anaplasma marginale 10 clinically normal camels served as control the results indicated that the clinically infected camels showed signs of pale mucus membranes, loss of appetite, emaciation, diarrhea and or constipation, rough hair coat, lacrimation, coughing. Ticks were noticed and detected on several locations at the camels body. High body temperature, respiratory and heart rates were also recorded in addition to a reduction on ruminal contractions. The statistical analysis appeared significant decrease in the TRBCs, HB and PCV, while a significant increase in MCV and ESR were encountered in infected camels. Macrocytic normochromic type of anemia was registered and the percentage of parasitemia ranged between (5-11%). There were no significant difference encountered in clotting factors indices. The results also, indicated a significant increase in WBC as a result of significant increase and decrease in lymphocytes and neutrophiles, respectively. The biochemical changes revealed significant increase in AST, ALT, total bilirubin, BUN and icteric index, however significant decrease in total protein values were encountered in infected camels.
  K.M. Alsaad and Abid-albar A. Nori
  The objective of this study was to investigate the coagulation disorders in drought horses suffering from colic. A total of (125) local drought male horse of different ages were investigated, among these animals (100) were suffering colicky sings and (25) clinically normal drought male horses served as control. Results indicated that colicky horses showed sings of pain which manifested by, restlessness, anxiety, sweating, lip curling, flank watching, pawing at the ground, kicking at the belly and rolling, more over body temperature, respiratory and heart rate, capillary refilling time were also increased, petechial hemorrhages were also detected on mucus membranes of the eyes. The statistical analysis appeared significant decrease (p<0.05) in the TRBCs, Hb in horses suffering the recurrent type of colic compared with animals suffering the acute, mild type and control normal horses and PCV were significantly higher (p<0.05) in diseased horses than in normal control animals. Data concerning the indices of clotting factors of normal control and colicky horses showed that the platelet count and fibrinogen was lower significantly (p<0.05) in diseased horses than in control normal horses. This count was significantly lower in horses suffering the acute and recurrent type of colic than horses suffering the mild type. The platelet volume, platelet distribution width clotting time, prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time values were significantly higher (p<0.05) in diseased horses suffering the acute and recurrent type of colic than in diseased horses suffering the mild type and normal control animals. Results of biochemical changes indicated significant decrease (p<0.05) in total protein and albumen in colicky horses showed the mild and recurrent type of colic where as significant increase (p<0.05) of same values were seen in animals suffering the acute type, further more significant decrease (p<0.05) in calcium values were encountered in horses suffering the acute and recurrent type of clic.
  K.M. Alsaad , Essra A. Alsaad and Hussein A. Al-Derawie
  The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical, haematological, biochemical changes, percentage of hemoparasite and c-Elisa test in naturally infected drought horses with babesiosis. The study were conducted on (115), drought horses (male and female) (2-10) years old. About 90 drought horses were naturally infected with Babesia sp. and (25) clinically normal drought horses served as control group. Results indicated that diseased drought horses were affected with acute form of the disease and they exhibited, loss of appetite, sever sweating, congested mucous membranes with Petichial hemorrhages, disinclination to move and in coordination, Pale and/ricteric mucous membranes, edema of fetlock joint, panting, depression, colic with signs of diarrhea and constipation, hemoglobin urea, muscles tremor, coughing, dehydration with rough coat and ticks were detected on different body regions. Statistically significant increase (p>0.01) were encountered in body temperature, respiratory and heart rates, however capillary refilling time were also increased significantly in diseased horses. A statistically significant decrease (p<0.01) were encountered in the TRBCs, Hb and PCV values of diseased animals, anemia was normocytic normohromic type and a statistically significant increase (p<0.01) were also encountered in the sedimentation rate of RBCs in diseased animals. The percentage of hemoparasitism (parasitemia) ranged between (5-23%) with a mean of (18.72%). A statistically significant decrease (p<0.01) were encountered in platelets count and fibrinogen and a statistically significant increase (p<0.01) were encountered in clotting time, prothrombine time and activated partial thromboplastine time in diseased horses. The results also indicated a significant increase in WBCs as a result of significant increase in lymphocytes. Results of biochemichal tests revealed significant increase in AST, ALT, ALP total bilirubin, BUN, however significant decrease in total protein values, calcium and glucose were encountered in infected horses. Serum samples were tested spectrophotometrically using c-Elisa test to detected Babesia equi and Babesia caballi, as Babesia equi detected in 86.58% and Babesia caballi detected in 54.39%, moreover mixed infection were indicated in 16.1% for both species.
 
 
 
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