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In this case control study, we compared the Total Antioxidant Status
(TAS) of two groups of HIV positive persons that consisted of 262 AIDS
patients and 158 asymptomatic HIV-antibody positive subjects with a control
group of 204 HIV-antibody negative subjects. The mean CD4+
cell counts per cubic millimeter were 187 for the AIDS patients, 495 for
the asymptomatic HIV patients and 920 for the control group. TAS levels
in mmol L-1 were 0.34 ± 0.08 for AIDS patients, 0.77
± 0.29 for asymptomatic patients and 1.4 ± 0.13 for controls.
The CD4+ counts and TAS showed no gender biases but they differed
significantly between the groups; p<0.05. The TAS was progressively
depleted in HIV infected persons as the disease progressed from asymptomatic
state to AIDS.