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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 12  |  Page No.: 908 - 913

Mother-to-Child HIV and HHV-8 Transmission in Neonates at Saint Camille Medical Centre in Burkina Faso

D. Ilboudo, J. Simpore, D.S. Sanou, D. Karou, D.J. Sia, D. Ouermi, C. Bisseye, T. Sagna, S. Odolini, F. Buelli, V. Pietra, S. Pignatelli, C. Gnoula, J.B. Nikiema and F. Castelli    

Abstract: In Sub-Saharan Africa, many HIV infected people are co-infected with Human Herpes Virus 8 (HHV-8). Therefore, the present study aimed to: (1) identify the pregnant women co-infected by HIV and HHV-8 at Saint Camille Medical Centre; (2) use three molecules (Zidovudine, Nevirapine and Lamivudine) to interrupt the vertical transmission of HIV and (3) use the PCR technique to diagnose children, who were infected by these viruses, in order to offer them an early medical assistance. A total of 107 pregnant women, aged from 19 to 42 years were diagnosed to be HIV positive at Saint Camille Centre; among them 13 were co-infected with HHV-8. All included women received the HAART. Two to six months after childbirth their babies underwent PCR diagnosis for HIV and HHV-8. The results revealed that, among these mothers, 68.2% were housewives, 34.6% were illiterates and 60.7% did not have university degree. The prevalence of HHV-8 among these pregnant women was 12.15% and the rate of vertical transmission of both HIV and HHV-8, was 0.0%. The issue of this study revealed that the antiretroviral therapy increased the mother CD4 T-cells, prevented the transcription of the mRNA of HHV-8 and blocked HIV vertical transmission.

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