India with its copiousness of exuberant flora is one of the richest countries as regards the genetic resources of medicinal plants and occupies unquestionably a premier position in the use of herbal drugs but in this era of high-tech wizardry, urbanization and industrialization has created needless disturbance in the vulnerably delicate ecosystems due to the accretion of large quantities of municipal wastes and industrial residues. On the other hand, continued applications of chemical fertilizers resulted in the contamination of surface and ground waters and have adversely affected the biological, physical and chemical properties of soil. It was therefore, suggested to find and evaluate methods which can help solve serious environmental and plant nutritional problems. An experiment was conducted in this regard at the research field of Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India to assess the impact of sewage sludge biosolid, composted sugarcane pressmud and farmyard manure on volatile oil content and composition of Artemisia annua Linn., an important aromatic-antibacterial herb. The oil is quite useful pharmaceutically and is used in perfumery, cosmetics, aromatherapy and dermatology as an antimicrobial agent having fungicidal properties. We undertook the present study with a view to maintain the ecosystems of the soil and mitigate environmental pollution. The principal findings revealed significant variations in the oil content and percentage occurrence of different constituents therefore, paving the way for enhanced production of volatiles in this industrial crop as well as emerging as an alternative control measure for mitigation of environmental pollution.
A.A. Malik, J. Ahmad, S. Suryapani, M.Z. Abdin, S.R. Mir and Mohammed Ali, 2012. Volatiles of Artemisia annua L. as Influenced by Soil Application of Organic Residues. Research Journal of Medicinal Plant, 6: 433-440.