The species Himatanthus sucuuba (Spruce ex Müll. Arg.) Woodson shows a wide range of use in folk medicine and other Amazonian species of this genus: H. bracteatus (A.DC.) Woodson and H. stenophyllus Plumel are also used by the great similarity between them. This study describes the macroscopic and microscopic morphological variation of leaves and stem bark of these species collected in the Amazonas state (Brazil). The contour of the leaf lamina, apex and the petiole aspects and the venation pattern were important features. The barks of H. bracteatus, differently from the other two species, did not present prismatic calcium oxalate crystals. Additionally, the extracts of the leaves, barks and latex of these species and the iridoids, plumieride (major in aqueous extracts of the leaves and latex from H. bracteatus and H. sucuuba) and isoplumieride (minor in all samples), were analyzed by HPTLC. The chromatographic profiles and the morphological analyses provided data for differentiation among the species.
Jose Luiz Pinto Ferreira, Ana Claudia Fernandes Amaral, Renata Bastos de Araujo, Junior Ribeiro Carvalho, Carolyn Elinore Barnes Proenca, Sandra Aparecida Padilha Magalhaes Fraga and Jefferson Rocha de Andrade Silva, 2009. Pharmacognostical Comparison of Three Species of Himatanthus. International Journal of Botany, 5: 171-175.