Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert Home Journals at Science Alert For Authors For Subscribers Contact Us
   
Plant Pathology Journal
  Year: 2015 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 212-222
DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2015.212.222
Biochemical Characterization of Compatible Plant Virus Interaction: A Case Study with Bunchy Top Virus-Banana Host-Pathosystem
C. Anuradha, R. Selvarajan, S. Vasantha and G.S. Suresha

Abstract:
Virus infection can result in the alteration of physiological, biochemical and metabolic processes within plants leading to symptom development. Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) is one of the most destructive viral diseases in Tropical Asia, Pacific Indian Oceania (PIO) regions and Africa leading to 100% yield loss in banana and plantains. Though molecular characterization and their diversity were studied in depth in recent years, information on physiological and biochemical changes during banana-BBTV interaction is still not convincingly explained. Therefore, the present investigation was conducted to find out the quantifiable changes in physiological and biochemical parameters such as proteins, pigment and carbohydrate content, phenolic compounds, polyphenol oxidase (PPO), peroxidase (POX), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in leaves of banana cultivars Grand Nain (AAA) and Virupakshi (AAB). The amount of carbohydrate contents, phenolic compounds, PPO, POX, APX, GPX, CAT were significantly higher in BBTV infected leaves of both the cultivars over the healthy, whereas total protein content, pigments and SOD activity showed an opposite trend. Overall the results suggest that BBTV infection induces significant changes in enzyme levels leading to irreversible symptom development. Further studies would lead to identification of biochemical markers for studying plant-virus compatible and incompatible interactions.
 [Fulltext PDF]   [Fulltext HTML]   [XML: Abstract + References]   [References]   [View Citation]  [Report Citation]
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Effect of Jojoba Seed Extract and Riboflavin in Preventing the Transmission of Iris Yellow Spot Virus (IYSV): Tospovirus by Thrips tabaci L. to Onion Plants in Egypt
  •    Time Course Evaluation of the Activities of Some Enzymes in Telfairia Mosaic Virus Infected Ecotypes of Telfairia occidentalis Hook f.
  •    Biochemical Changes in Mungbean Plants Infected by Mungbean yellow mosaic virus
How to cite this article:

C. Anuradha, R. Selvarajan, S. Vasantha and G.S. Suresha, 2015. Biochemical Characterization of Compatible Plant Virus Interaction: A Case Study with Bunchy Top Virus-Banana Host-Pathosystem. Plant Pathology Journal, 14: 212-222.

DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2015.212.222

URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ppj.2015.212.222

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
.
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

                 home       |       journals        |       for authors       |       for subscribers       |       asci
          © Science Alert. All Rights Reserved