Since time immemorial, systematics has played significant role in every sphere of life. Biosystematics has evolved from folk taxonomy towards natural classification system and then culminated into homology based classification system. A good systematic approach is practical and predictive of phylogenetics of taxa incorporating different data. The morphological, chemical and molecular (genomics and proteomics) informations are used to explore the exact inter-relationship among the organisms. Proteomics is an essential and inevitable aspect in plant biology which can help in deciphering the functions of the genes that are or will be sequenced. Proteomics has proved to be a good tool in characterisation of individual lines and genetic distances among the genera, species, subspecies, verities and populations describing their phylogenetic inter-relationships. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) is the major technique being applied for polypeptide characterization of each taxon for exploring phylogenetic or physiological relationships among organs, tissues or organisms. Moreover, proteomics can lead to unraveling the natural phenomena of plants development and their response to changing environment. These proteomic derived informations and their application in phylogenetic studies can be useful in agro-biotechnology development for better yield and safe use of food and medicines.
Ch. Muhammad Ishtiaq , Q. He , J.P. Huang , Yi Wang , P.G. Xiao and Yi Yu Cheng , 2007. Biosystematics and Plant Proteomics: Role of Proteomics in Plant Phylogenetic Analysis
. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 3487-3496.