Larval mosquitoes species (Diptera: Culicidae) breeding in specific containers in the peridomestic environments and larval Aedes aegypti L. indices predictive of potential yellow fever epidemics were investigated in Bomo, Hanwa, Jamaa and Samaru settlements around Zaria, Nigeria. Systematic sampling, using small soup laddle dipper was adopted in the examination of every container with water, including wells and tree-holes, for larval mosquitoes in the four villages. Aedes aegypti, Culex horridus Edwards, Culex nebulosus Theobald, Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Culex tigripes Grandpre, larvae were encountered in 44(14.97%) and 14 varieties of the 294 containers examined, whose surface areas ranged from 0.005 to 1.28 m2. The mean larval population of the five container-breeding mosquitoes species differ significantly (p<0.05). Aedes aegypti and C. nebulosus showed highest preferences for breeding in automobile tyres; C. horridus and C. quinquefasciatus larvae occurred most in wells. Aedes aegypti as sole species occurred in 20(45.45%) and 11 varieties of the containers. Culex horridus, C. nebulosus and C. quinquefasciatus as sole species were found in 6(13.64%), 2(4.55%) and 2(4.55%) containers, respectively. A maximum of three larval mosquitoes combinations also occurred in same container habitats, highlighting both conspecific and heterospecific breeding patterns for the mosquitoes. Of the one hundred and twenty one (121) houses inspected, 20(16.53%) had larvae of A. aegypti in their peridomestic containers; with larval indices (total house index = 16.53%, total container index = 9.52%, total Breteau index = 23.14%) for the four villages within the limit predictive of potential epidemic yellow fever outbreak.
A. David Adebote, J. Sonnie Oniye , S. Iliya Ndams and K. Mary Nache , 2006. The Breeding of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Peridomestic Containers and Implication in Yellow Fever Transmission in Villages Around Zaria, Northern Nigeria. Journal of Entomology, 3: 180-188.