by-product (SDBP) was applied for culturing the common carp Cyprinus
carpio L. Four experimental diets were formulated by mixing
commercial fish feed and wheat flour with SDBP (I) and supplementing
it either with vitamins (II), fish oil (III), or both (IV). A control
diet contained only commercial fish feed and wheat flour. These diets
were fed to the fish twice daily for 40 days to estimate weight gain
(WG), feed intake (FI), food conversion ratio (FCR) and specific growth
rate (SGR). All fish gained weight increments after the feeding experiment,
but with no significant difference in FI among the diets except for
diet III. Fish fed with diet III had low FCR and SGR, i.e., their
growth retardation. However, SDBP might be used as a supplement for
fish feed to foster the growth of fish.
Jeffrie Fredrik Mokolensang , Shigehisa Yamasaki and Yoshio Onoue , 2003. Utilization of Shochu Distillery By-products for
Culturing the Common Carp Cyprinus
carpio L.. Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 502-507.