This study investigated the nutritive value of locally grown pulses landraces (White Fiofio, Brown Fiofio, [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp] Olaudi Akidi and IT88D-867-11) [Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp] as indices for conservation and improvement. Proximate, anti-nutritional and mineral elements were evaluated. Data analyses were done using analysis of variance. Results showed that there were significant differences (p<0.05) in the proximate compositions of the screened pulses, except in the ash content which shows no significance among the pulses (p>0.05). The moisture content did not differ among the brown and white Fiofio, Olaudi and IT88D-867-11 but differed significantly from Akidi. Results obtained also revealed that there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in the protein contents of brown Fiofio, Akidi and IT88D-867-11 but differed slightly from white Fiofio and Olaudi. Additionally, Olaudi had the highest protein content in its seeds. There was no significant difference in the carbohydrate content among brown Fiofio, Olaudi and Akidi but differed from white Fiofio and IT88D-867-11. Present results on the anti-nutritive contents also showed that there were significant differences (p<0.05) among the five sampled pulses. Akidi had the highest phytic acid level which was followed by IT88D-867-11. There was no significant difference in the hydrocyanide content of Akidi, Olaudi and IT 888D-867-11. This component was highest in brown Fiofio and least in white Fiofio. The oxalate content was highest in Akidi. Comparing other pulses with IT88D-867-11, the landraces contained higher mineral elements. For the vitamins, IT88D-867-11 contained the highest level of Vitamin A but had the least Vitamin C. Coupled with their high adaptability in adverse climatic conditions, it is explicitly obvious that these landraces should be selected for conservation and improvement.
O. Udensi, E.J. Umana, E.A. Edu and E.V. Ikpeme, 2011. Screening Locally Grown Pulses for Proximate, Anti-nutritive and Mineral Compositions: Indices for Conservation and Improvement. International Journal of Agricultural Research, 6: 504-510.