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Asian Journal of Plant Pathology
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 25-32
DOI: 10.3923/ajppaj.2012.25.32
Wheat Stem Rust Severity and Physiological Races in North Rift Region of Kenya
S.G. Ismail, M.G. Kinyua, A.M. Kibe and I.N. Wagara

Abstract:
Wheat stem rust severity was determined using stratified simple random sampling technique and physiological races of Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici were determined using the 20 North American wheat stem rust differentials. Results revealed a significant variation in wheat stem rust severity in the region. Lower wheat stem rust severity of 12.5% was observed in high altitude areas of Kipkabus having more than 2200 m above sea level. High wheat stem rust severity of 34 and 32% was observed in Mois Bridge and Moiben, respectively. These areas had lower altitude of less than 1900 mean sea level. Four wheat stem rust races were reported in this region. The predominant race was TTKST (Ug99+Sr24) at 66.7% predominance, followed by race TTKSK (Ug99) at 21.1%, race PTKST (Sr31+Sr24-Sr21) at 10.5% and race TTTSK (Ug99+Sr36) at 1.8%. A new race PTKST was reported at Chepkoilel, Moiben and Mois Bridge. There was no significant correlation (r = 0.398) of stem rust severity and race diversity. However, there was a significant negative correlation (r = -0.461) of race diversity and altitude and a highly significant negative correlation (r = -0.713) of altitude and stem rust severity. The study concluded that wheat stem rust severity varied depending on altitude and location, and four races are present in North Rift region of Kenya, where the predominant race is TTKST (Ug99+Sr24).
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How to cite this article:

S.G. Ismail, M.G. Kinyua, A.M. Kibe and I.N. Wagara, 2012. Wheat Stem Rust Severity and Physiological Races in North Rift Region of Kenya. Asian Journal of Plant Pathology, 6: 25-32.

DOI: 10.3923/ajppaj.2012.25.32

URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajppaj.2012.25.32

 
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