The present study provides information about the endemicity
of the disease in Uttar Pradesh, India that can help to formulate an effective
strategy for an FMD control programme. In the Uttar Pradesh state of India,
270 FMD outbreaks were reported during 2000 to 2006. From these outbreaks,
178 tongue epithelial tissues were collected. Out of 270 outbreaks, 131
were confirmed by indirect sandwich ELISA test. Of the prevalent four
serotypes, O type FMD virus accounted for the most outbreaks (50.38%),
followed by A virus type (30.53%) and Asia-1 virus type (19.08%), while
no outbreak due to type C was detected. The study shows clearly that incidences
were highest during the winter months and in the South Western semi arid
agro-climatic zone. The distribution and density of the FMD-susceptible
population in different districts of the state also played major role
in disease incidences. Due to the unrestricted movements of animals among
different livestock markets, the disease was transmitted either by direct
contact or by aerosols from infected to healthy animals.
Amit Kumar Verma, B.C. Pal, C.P. Singh, Udit Jain, S.K. Yadav and Mahima , 2008. Studies of the Outbreaks of Foot and Mouth Disease in Uttar Pradesh, India, Between 2000 and 2006. Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 1: 40-46.