In Orissa Betel vine (Piper betle L., family Piperaceae) is an important asexually propagated cash crop comprising of several cultivars. There are many cultivares but they are not well demarcated due to similarities in the morphological characters and in certain places same cultivars are cultivated under different local name. Therefore, in the present study DNA fingerprinting technique has been used to differentiate cultivars of betel vine for crop improvement programme. So Comparative study of both RAPD and ISSR markers analysis were used to establish genetic identities and evaluate genetic diversity among fifteen cultivars of betel vine grown in different parts of Orissa. Thirty RAPD and 25 ISSR primers were tested to resolve the genetic diversity among the cultivars. Twenty RAPD and 18 ISSR primers resulted in 523 amplicons. Out of these 504 were polymorphic loci and 54 were found to be unique. The extent of genetic diversity and relatedness among 15 cultivars were computed through Jaccards similarity coefficient. Maximum similarity (0.68) was observed between Balipana and Birkoli and minimum (0.114) for Banglamandesore chitalpudi and Halisahar Sanchi. All the cultivars were related with each other with an average similarity of 0.2913. Dendrogram showed Godibangala was separated from rest of the species into isolated clade in both the analysis. Correlation between RAPD and ISSR marker was very low (r = 0.17). RAPD showed high correlation with all the primers.
Aparna Priyadarshini Patra, Arup Kumar Mukherjee and Laxmikant Acharya, 2011. Comparative Study of RAPD and ISSR Markers to Assess the Genetic Diversity of Betel Vine (Piper betle L.) in Orissa, India. American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1: 200-211.